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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/36056
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Record Id 36056
Title Dynamics of fresh and freeze-dried strawberry and red onion by quasielastic neutron scattering
Abstract The microscopic behavior of fresh and freeze-dried strawberry and red onion at different water contents (45 and 20 wt % water) has been investigated by quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS). To distinguish between the dynamics of the water and the biological material isotopic (H/D) substitution was used. The results show that all samples exhibit an onset of anharmonic motions on the experimental time scale (3-100 ps) at about 230-240 K. Above 250 K the dynamics is mainly of translational character and strongly dependent on the hydration level. The diffusion constant increases rapidly with increasing water content and at 280 K it is approximately 20% higher for the hydration water in freeze-dried strawberry than in freeze-dried red onion and around 2 orders of magnitude faster for the hydration water than for the biological material. Moreover, the diffusion constant of the biological part is about 50% faster in freeze-dried strawberry than in freeze-dried red onion. It was also found that the average relaxation time is slightly faster in fresh strawberry than in freeze-dried strawberry. From the results we can conclude that the water dynamics is not only promoting motions in the biological material, it is also affected by the structure (and possibly also the dynamics) of the biological material. Thus, the microscopic properties of the biological materials are interrelated with the properties of their hydration water.
Organisation CCLRC , ISIS , ISIS-IRIS
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Language English (EN)
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Journal Article J Phys Chem B 110, no. 28 (2006): 13786. doi:10.1021/jp060019+ 2006