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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/37184
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Record Id 37184
Title A 2-D MSGC-based imaging detector for neutrons
Abstract The development and testing of a two-dimensional (2-D) prototype detector based on a microstrip gas chamber (MSGC) is reported using a gas mixture of 2.5 bar 3 He and 2.5 bar CF4. The second coordinate is obtained by utilising a plane of wires as pick up electrodes. The detector is operated with the wire plane at such a potential so as not to induce any gain around the wires. This means that the high tolerances normally associated with wire planes in multi wire proportional counters are not mandatory. The detector comprises of 48 individually instrumented channels in both X (MSGC strips) and Y (orthogonal wire plane). A specially designed encoding module has been constructed which feeds digital addresses for each event to the ISIS Data Acquisition Electronics (DAE) system. An intrinsic detector resolution of similar to 1 mm full-width at half-maximum has been measured for both dimensions (in experimental exposures on the ROTAX beamline at ISIS) which is degraded slightly by the digital resolution for the overall system. This readout method is shown to be very tolerant of a poor signal to noise ratio in the readout channels (unlike traditional analogue wire chamber readout systems) and permits the operation of the MSGC at low avalanche gains (similar to 10) which helps to maximize the rate and lifetime performance of the detector as well as permitting data capture rates in the megahertz range. The event timing resolution is comfortably submicrosecond and is, therefore, suitable for applications on spallation neutron sources.
Organisation CCLRC , ISIS , ISIS-ROTAX
Keywords microstrip detector , neutron imaging detector , MSGC , ISIS 2005
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Language English (EN)
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Journal Article IEEE Trans Nucl Sci 52, no. 5 (2005): 1693-1697. doi:10.1109/TNS.2005.856588 2005