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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/39036
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Record Id 39036
Title Optimal design of microfluidic networks using biologically inspired principles
Abstract From the earliest of times, Man has sought to replicate ideas that have evolved naturally in plants and animals. Understanding and extracting these “natural” design strategies has opened up a whole new field of research known as biomimetics. Designs formulated using biologically inspired principles range from novel surface treatments that mimic physiological processes to geometrical optimization for improving the performance of a system. In this paper, we will show how biomimetic principles based on the laws that govern biological vascular trees can be used to design artificial microfluidic distribution systems. The study focuses specifically on microfluidic manifolds composed of constant-depth rectangular- or trapezoidal-sectioned channels, as these geometries can readily be fabricated using standard micro-fabrication techniques. We will show that it is possible to introduce a prescribed element of flow control into the system by carefully selecting the branching parameter that governs the change in channel dimension at each bifurcation.
Organisation CSE , CSE-CEG , STFC
Keywords Lab-on-a-chip , Microfluidics , Biomimetics , Murray's law
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Language English (EN)
Type Details URI(s) Local file(s) Year
Journal Article Microfluid Nanofluid 4, no. 3 (2008): 179-191. doi:10.1007/s10404-007-0163-6 2008
Paper In Conference Proceedings Opening keynote presentation at Microfluidique 2006. Is in proceedings of: Proc. Microfluidique 2006, Toulouse, France, 13-14 Dec 2006. 2008