The open archive for STFC research publications

Full Record Details

Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/40902308
Record Status Checked
Record Id 40902308
Title The Core Design of a Small Modular Pressurised Water Reactor for Commercial Marine Propulsion
Abstract If international agreements regarding the need to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions are to be met then there is a high probability that the shipping industry will have to dramatically reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. For emission reductions from ships greater than around 40\% then alternatives to fossil fuels - such as nuclear energy - will very likely be required. A Small Modular Pressurised Water Reactor design has been developed specifically to meet the requirements of a large container ship with a power requirement of 110~MWe. Container ships have a number of requirements - including a small crew size and reduced outages associated with refuelling - that result in a greater focus on design simplifications, including the elimination of the chemical reactivity control system during power operation and a long core life. We have developed a novel, soluble-boron free, low power density core that does not require refuelling for 15 years. The neutronic and fuel performance behaviour of this system has been studied with conventional UO2 fuel. The size of the pressure vessel has been limited to 3.5 metres in diameter. Furthermore, to ensure the survivability of the cladding material, the coolant outlet temperature has been reduced to 285degC from 320degC as in conventional GWe-class PWRs, with a resulting reduction in thermal efficiency to 25%. The UO2 core design was able to satisfactorily meet the majority of requirements placed upon the system assuming that fuel rod burnups can be limited to 100 GWd/tHM. The core developed here represents the first workable design of a commercial marine reactor using conventional fuel, which makes realistic the idea of using nuclear reactors for shipping.
Organisation CI
Funding Information EPSRC
Related Research Object(s): 40902280
Licence Information:
Language English (EN)
Type Details URI(s) Local file(s) Year
Preprint Progress in Nuclear Energy 2019. https://arxiv.org/pdf/1901.10977 2019