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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/49949
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Record Id 49949
Title An investigation of the high temperature reaction between the apatite oxide ion conductor La9.33Si6O26 and NH3
Abstract There is growing interest in the use of ammonia as a fuel in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs). However, the possible reaction between the electrolyte and ammonia, and its potential effect on performance, has received little attention. In this paper, we report an investigation of the high temperature (950 °C) reaction of the apatite-type oxide ion conductor, La<sub>9.33</sub>Si<sub>6</sub>O<sub>26</sub>, and ammonia. The results show that such treatment leads to nitridation of the sample, with evidence for Si loss leading to an increased La:Si ratio in the final product. From neutron diffraction studies, the composition of the final product was determined to be La<sub>9.7(1)</sub>Si<sub>6</sub>O<sub>22.6(2)</sub>N<sub>2.7(2)</sub>, with structural and <sup>29</sup>Si NMR data suggesting the presence of N both within the apatite anion channels, and bonded to Si. An interesting feature of the structural studies are the relatively low atomic displacement parameters compared to the comparable apatite oxide systems, La<sub>9.33 + x</sub>Si<sub>6</sub>O<sub>26 + 3x/2</sub>, which can be related to the lack of interstitial anions in the oxynitride.Further studies on samples heated in ammonia at lower temperatures (600, 800 °C) suggest lower N incorporation, particularly for the 600 °C treatment. Considering the correlation of ionic conductivity, and interstitial oxide ion content in apatite systems, the data suggests the potential use of apatite-type electrolytes in SOFCs utilising NH<sub>3</sub> as the fuel should be limited to temperatures <800 °C.
Keywords Materials , Chemistry
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Language English (EN)
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Journal Article J Mater Chem 19, no. 6 (2009): 749-754. doi:10.1039/b808215d 2009