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DOI 10.5286/raltr.2014004
Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/11888455
Record Status Checked
Record Id 11888455
Title Neutrons for Condensed Matter Research: Fundamentals and Applications
Abstract This series of three lectures were first given in February 2014 as part of the university course Applicazioni della Fisica dei Neutroni at the Universit`a degli Study di Milano-Bicocca, Italy. It provides an up-to-date introduction to the use of neutrons in condensed matter research. To this end, it takes account of recent advances in neutron production and experimental techniques over the past two decades, and put these in the context of current scientific trends. The first lecture provides a general overview, including a survey of the merits and strengths of the technique, a comparison with other probes such as X-rays, and a first dive into the general formalism to calculate neutron-scattering cross sections. The second lecture is devoted to the conceptual and mathematical framework underpinning neutron-scattering experiments to probe structure and motion in solids, liquids, and gases, from stochastic and relaxation processes responsible for the transport properties of technological materials, all the way up to the use of epithermal neutrons to investigate disordered matter and nuclear quantum dynamics. The third and closing lecture takes a more detailed look at neutron-matter interactions, with particular emphasis on their dependence on unpaired electron density (magnetism) as well as nuclear spin. All throughout, key concepts are illustrated by reference to recent work on phenomena of technological relevance including gas storage and sequestration in nanoporous materials, ionic conduction and charge storage, chemical catalysis, and quantum matter.
Organisation ISIS , ISIS-GEN , STFC
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Licence Information: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)
Language English (EN)
Type Details URI(s) Local file(s) Year
Report RAL Technical Reports RAL-TR-2014-004. 2014. RAL-TR-2014-004.pdf 2014