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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/29589
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Record Id 29589
Title Resonant (1s -> 3d) x-ray Bragg diffraction by transition-metal compounds
Abstract Structure factors for Bragg diffraction of x-rays enhanced by electric quadrupole absorption (1s ->3d) are calculated for several configurations of the resonant ions found to exist in transition-metal compounds. The configurations include the spontaneous order (fully compensating and non-collinear antiferromagnetism) and field-induced states of ferrous niobate, and paramagnetic iron pyrite. The calculation is couched in terms of spherical tensors, which describe the orbital magnetism of 3d electrons, and highlights the essential components contributing to the results, namely, use of an atomic model for the resonant contribution to the x-ray scattering length, the influence of the elements of symmetry pertinent to a resonant ion and the crystal structure, and linear and circular polarization effects. Spatial anistotropy in the 3d orbital moments leads to charge-forbidden reflections. Associated structure factors are calculated as functions of the canting angle of the principal axis, and the (azimuthal) angle of rotation of the crystal about the Bragg wavevector. In the model for ferrous niobate the orbital moment arises from a conventional mechanism based on the spin-orbit coupling. An interpretation of diffraction data for vanadium sesquioxide implies, for this material, that orbital magnetism is not enslaved to spin magnetism.
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Language English (EN)
Type Details URI(s) Local file(s) Year
Report RAL Technical Reports RAL-TR-2000-042. 2000. raltr-2000042.pdf 2000