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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/32013064
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Record Id 32013064
Title Preparation of Polycrystalline and Thin Film Metal Photocathodes for Normal Conducting RF Guns
Abstract A comparison of quantum efficiency (QE) and work function (wf) measurements of polycrystalline and thin film metal photocathodes for use in NCRF guns, similar to the S-band gun under development for CLARA project at Daresbury, are reported. Cu and Nb thin films were grown onto a Si substrate by magnetron sputtering and subsequently were prepared by annealing and Ar ion sputtering. To determine the surface chemistry, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was employed. QE measurements were enabled using a UV laser source giving 266 nm light. Wf measurements were carried out using a kelvin probe and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy. Annealing the Cu thin film to 250°C yielded a QE of 1.2E-4; one order of magnitude higher than the QE for sputter cleaned and post annealed polycrystalline Cu. The optimum QE measurement for Nb thin film was 2.6·10-4, which was found to be comparable to the results obtained for cleaned bulk Nb. Analysis of XPS data of these metals suggest surface composition and surface chemistry are main contributing factors to the QE and WF.
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Language English (EN)
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Paper In Conference Proceedings In 6th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC'15), Richmond, VA, USA, 3-8 May 2015, (2015): 1759. http://accelconf.…/papers/tupje058.pdf 2015