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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/34560
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Record Id 34560
Title Proton insertion in spinel lithium manganates and the effect of manganese substitution
Abstract Lithium manganate spinels with the formula Li<sub>1+x</sub>Mn<sub>2-x</sub>O<sub>4</sub> undergo lithium <-> proton ion exchange to give a defect lambda-MnO2 phase which can act as a lithium selective sorbent. The substitution of manganese by other metals, such as Co, Cr, Ti and Ga allow the structural properties of the spinel lattice to be modified and tailored. This work uses neutron diffraction, inelastic neutron scattering, XAFS and atomistic calculations to show that in the non-substituted spinel, inserted protons are present predominantly as hydroxyl groups directed into the vacant sa site, with an orientation influenced by the presence of manganese vacancies. The influence of cation substitution is explained within this context.
Keywords Materials , Chemistry , proton , neutron diffraction , INS , spinel , XAFS , Ion Exchange
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Language English (EN)
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Journal Article Physica B 276-278 (2000): 847-848. doi:10.1016/S0921-4526(99)01625-7 2000