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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/35990
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Record Id 35990
Title Relating Intellectual Property products to the corporate context
Abstract The knowledge society demands that organizations utilise to the full the IP (intellectual property) they generate and acquire. In a context of research, development and innovation, the IP consists of products, patents and publications (in the widest sense - any stored representation of human intellect). While conventional research publications (white literature) provide much of the visible IP, the “submerged part of the iceberg” is the grey literature. With OA (Open Access) technologies the line between white and grey becomes blurred, because of accessible postprints and preprints. Significantly, white literature (and grey literature) may commonly be hyperlinked to further grey literature in the form of technical reports, procedure manuals, learning materials, software, data (in all media), communications (e.g. e- and voice-mail) etc. The hypothesis is in three parts: a) that comfortable hyperlinks from white (and grey) literature to the - submerged iceberg of grey publications enriches and completes the IP of the original publication; (b) that cross-linking the material to other entities in the business domain (where the business here considered is R&D) provides a context to enable the end-user to utilize more effectively the publication or collection of publications for their purpose; (c) that high quality metadata for controlling integrity, providing access, providing a description and managing rights is essential. At both UiB, Norway and CCLRC, UK systems have been built utilising CERIF (Common European Research Information Format which provides a data structure to match (b) above) linked with publications information. Both are based on joint research by the authors, the initial design results having been reported in GL-99. Both implementations have demonstrated effectiveness with enthusiastic end-users. The UiB system is targeted at providing UiB with research productivity information and uses a relational database structure linking CERIF with a bibliographic catalogue. This allows publications to be related to people, to organizational units and to projects. At CCLRC, using relational database technology, a CERIF-based extended corporate data repository (including people, organizational units and projects) is linked with an OA eprints institutional archive, containing postprints and preprints (and also other grey publications). In each case, the relationships are annotated with role (such as author or reviewer) and start date/time, end date/time. The relationships can be many-to-many, thus a publication may have many authors each of which may have affiliations with many organizational units and projects. Each instance of organizational unit, project or person may be recursively related to another; this allows correct representation of hierarchic or network (connected graph) relationships. For both implementations the next steps involve implementing fully the formalised Dublin Core metadata proposed initially by the authors in GL4 and since developed further by experience. This will provide easier syntactic (structural) interoperation and allow semantic interoperability. However, more importantly this development will allow the end-user to utilise the virtual collection, whatever the media and whatever the quality, in a knowledgeable and context-aware way.
Organisation CCLRC , BITD
Keywords Engineering
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Language English (EN)
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Journal Article ISSN 1053-8801 . doi:10.1007/s12109-005-0004-y PaperRelating Int… Context20040912.doc
PaperRelating Int… Context20040912.doc