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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/36575
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Record Id 36575
Title How far can 13 moments go in modeling microscale gas phenomena?
Abstract The ability to capture nonequilibrium phenomena in rarefied gas flow using hydrodynamic models based on the Navier-Stokes-Fourier (NSF) equations and the regularized 13 moment equations (R13) are assessed. Results from the hydrodynamic models are compared against direct simulation Monte Carlo data obtained for planar Couette flow. The study shows that the R13 equations are able to capture the phenomenon of non-gradient heat flux up to a Knudsen number (Kn) of unity. In contrast, the NFS equations completely fail to predict this effect. For low Mach numbers, the R13 equations can reliably predict the temperature jump up to Kn = 1 and are also able to capture the correct trend at higher Mach numbers. However, the NSF equations can only provide an adequate description of the temperature jump for Kn < 0.25 and fail to exhibit the correct trend above this Knudsen number. For velocity slip, the R13 equations are in better agreement with the DSMC data but both hydrodynamic approaches fail to capture the nonlinearity of the velocity profile within the Knudsen layer. Overall, the R13 equations provide a much improved hydrodynamic description of the flow physics in the transition regime.
Organisation CCLRC , CSE , CSE-CEG
Keywords Engineering , microfluidics , rarefied gas
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Language English (EN)
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Journal Article Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering 11 (2007): 85-97. doi:10.1080/15567260701337696 2007