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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/36808
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Record Id 36808
Title The influence of size on phase morphology and Li-ion mobility in nano-sized lithiated anatase TiO2
Abstract Sustainable energy storage in the form of Li-ion batteries requires new and advanced materials in particular with a higher power density. Nanostructuringappear s to be a promising strategy, in which the higher power density in nanosized materials is related to the dramatically shortened Li-ion diffusion paths. However, nanosizing materials also changes intrinsic material properties, which influence both ionic and electronic conductivity. In this work neutron diffraction is used to show that in addition to these two aspects, nanostructuringch anges the phase behavior and morphology. Lithiated 40-nm TiO2 anatase crystallites become single phase, either having the Li-poor original anatase phase, or the Li-rich Li-titanate phase, in contrast to microsized crystallites where these two phases coexist in equilibrium within one crystal particle. In addition, LixTiO2 compositions occur with stoichiometries that are not stable in micron-sized crystallites, indicatingenhanced solid solution behavior. Reduced conduction electron densities at the sites of the Li ions are observed by NMR spectroscopy. This is accompanied by reduced spontaneous Li-ion mobility, suggesting a correlation between the electron density at the Li-ion site and the Li-ion mobility. The present results show that in the case of lithiated anatase TiO2, significant effects on phase composition, morphology, and electronic configurations are induced, as well as slower intracrystallite Li diffusion.
Keywords NMR , neutron diffraction , Li-ion battery , nanoionics , TiO2 anatase , ISIS 2007
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Language English (EN)
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Journal Article 10.1002/chem.200600803
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