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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/40757656
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Record Id 40757656
Title What happens when pesticides are solubilized in nonionic surfactant micelles
Abstract Nonionic surfactants have been widely used in agri-sprays to enhance the solubility and mobility of pesticides, but what happens when pesticides become solubilized into surfactant micelles remains poorly characterized. To facilitate physical characterisations, we used the nonionic surfactant hexaethylene glycol monododecyl ether (C12E6) as a model system to solubilize 4 pesticides including Cyprodinil (CP), Diuron (DN), Azoxystrobin (AZ) and Difenoconazole (DF). The investigation focused on the influence of solubilizate and temperature in driving changes to the micellar nanostructures. Dynamic light scattering (DLS), cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (Cryo-TEM) and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements were used to reveal changes to the micellar structure before and after pesticide solubilisation. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was also applied to investigate the solubility and location of each pesticide in the micelles. Pesticides clearly altered the micellar structure, by increasing the aggregation number and micellar lengths, whilst shrinking and dehydrating the shells, leading to a consequent decrease in the dispersion cloud points. Increases in temperature affected micellar structures in a similar way. Thus, temperature increases and the solubilisation of pesticides can both make the surfactant effectively more hydrophobic, altering the micellar nanostructures and shifting the pesticide location within the micelles. These changes subsequently implicate how pesticides are delivered into plants through the natural wax films.
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Language English (EN)
Type Details URI(s) Local file(s) Year
Journal Article J Coll Int Sci 541 (2019): 175-182. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2019.01.056 2019