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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/42035
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Record Id 42035
Title Rheological characterisation of native spider and silkworm dope
Abstract Silk production has evolved to be energetically efficient and functionally optimized, yielding a material that can outperform most industrial fibres, particularly in toughness. Spider silk has hitherto defied all attempts at reproduction, despite advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms behind its superb mechanical properties. Spun fibres, natural and man-made, rely on the extrusion process to facilitate molecular orientation and bonding. Hence a full understanding of the flow characteristics of native spinning feedstock (dope) will be essential to translate natural spinning to artificial silk production. Here we show remarkable similarity between the rheologies for native spider-dragline and silkworm-cocoon silk, despite their independent evolution and substantial differences in protein structure. Surprisingly, both dopes behave like typical polymer melts. This observation opens the door to using polymer theory to clarify our general understanding of natural silks, despite the many specializations found in different animal species.
Organisation CCLRC , ISIS
Keywords Materials , Spider , rheology , silk
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Language English (EN)
Type Details URI(s) Local file(s) Year
Journal Article Nat Mater 5 (2006): 870-874. 10.1038/nmat1762 2006