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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/49546
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Record Id 49546
Title The effects of restraint and post-weld heat treatment on residual stress distribution in a bead-on-plate weld
Abstract Welding residual stresses have important consequences for the performance of engineering components and high residual stresses can lead to loss of performance in corrosion, fatigue and fracture. Despite their importance, they are often the single largest unknown in industrial damage situations due to the difficulty of their measurement. In this paper, the neutron diffraction technique is used to investigate residual strains and stresses due to repair welding. The aim of this research was to characterize the residual stress distribution which arises in a welded component as a result of restraint and how it is reduced by subsequent post-weld heat treatment (PWHT). Three-dimensional residual strain/stress distributions are presented. The test results show that restraint during welding increases the levels of residual stress in all three directions. A significant stress relaxation due to PWHT has been observed. Results are also compared with values specified by the structural integrity assessment standard, BS7910.
Organisation CCLRC , ISIS , ISIS-ENGIN-X
Keywords SSTD 2007-2008 , Residual stress , Single bead-on-plate , Welding , Neutron diffraction , Engineering
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Language English (EN)
Type Details URI(s) Local file(s) Year
Journal Article J Neutron Res 15, no. 3-4 (2007): 231-241. doi:10.1080/10238160802442520 2007