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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/51270
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Record Id 51270
Title Soft phonon columns on the edge of the Brillouin zone in the relaxor PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3
Abstract We report lattice-dynamical measurements, made using neutron inelastic-scattering methods, of the relaxor perovskite PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3 (PMN) at momentum transfers near the edge of the Brillouin zone. Unusual "columns" of phonon scattering that are localized in momentum, but extended in energy, are seen at both high-symmetry points along the zone edge: (Q) over right arrowR= {1/2,1/2,1/2} and (Q) over right arrowM={1/2,1/2,0}. These columns soften at similar to 400 K which is similar to the onset temperature of the zone-center diffuse scattering, indicating a competition between ferroelectric and antiferroelectric distortions. We propose a model for the atomic displacements associated with these phonon modes that is based on a combination of structure factors and group theoretical analysis. This analysis suggests that the scattering is not from tilt modes (rotational modes of oxygen octahedra), but from zone-boundary optic modes that are associated with the displacement of Pb2+ and O2- ions. Whereas similar columns of scattering have been reported in metallic and (less commonly) molecular systems, they are unusual in insulating materials, particularly in ferroelectrics; therefore, the physical origin of this inelastic feature in PMN is unknown. We speculate that the underlying disorder contributes to this unique anomaly.
Organisation ISIS , STFC
Keywords physics
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Language English (EN)
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Journal Article Phys Rev B 79, no. 22 (2009): 224301. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.224301 2009