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Persistent URL http://purl.org/net/epubs/work/56437
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Record Id 56437
Title e-Science, CyberInfrastructure and CRIS
Abstract The last 10 years have witnessed a revolution in the research environment, partly mirrored in the commercial and social environments. The underlying factors con-cern the increasing price-performance of computer hardware including processing, storage and networks; the improvements in user interface technology including mobile phones making the ICT environment more readily available and - of course - WWW (World Wide Web). Because of the challenges in speeds, volumes and com-plexity, the research environment tends to anticipate by some years developments in the other environments. The e-Science concept, developed in UK from an initial paper by Keith Jeffery [Je99] encompasses and assumes an e-infrastructure [e-IRG] (in USA cyberinfrastructure [NSFCyb]) consisting of networks, computational servers, data servers and detectors. The e-Science concept, however, builds on this physical layer two more layers; one managing information (derived from data by structuring in context) and surmounted by a knowledge layer recording human-generated knowledge (such as scholarly publications) or computer-generated knowl-edge (derived through data mining). Synchronously with e-Science, Anne Asserson, Keith Jeffery and others promoted the concept of CRIS (Current Research Information Systems) and the CERIF (Common European Research Information Format) EU recommendation to member states. CERIF is a rich and flexible data model for CRIS or for interoperation of CRIS with formal syntax and declared semantics - thus making it machine-understandable as well as machine-readable. However, CRIS are a necessary component of e-Science allowing researchers, research managers, educators, entrepreneurs and the media to discover what research is being done, by whom, in which organisations, through which projects, from where the funding comes and what are the outputs including publications, products and patents. Clearly, CRIS form an essential way in the e-research environment - including the e-infrastructure - to index research and make it available. It is common for a CRIS to be associated with a repository of full text (or hypermedia) objects such as scholarly publications i.e. one output of the research. However, the repository equally may contain grey material such as technical reports which, in fact, may form a large component of the "know-how" and IP (intellectual property) of an organisation. This paper argues that the future of grey literature (in the widest sense) lies within the context of an e-research environment populated with CERIF-CRIS and associated repositories.
Organisation ESC , STFC
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Language English (EN)
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Book Chapter or Section In Grey Literature in Library and Information Studies . edited by Farace, Dominic and Schoepfel, Joachim, chapter 16, 239-248. Berlin; New York: de Gruyter Saur, 2010. doi:10.1515/9783598441493.2.239 e-Science, Cyberi…and CRIS20090916.doc 2010